WordPress学习——media_handle_upload()详解

media_handle_upload() 主要用于 WordPress 上传文件,函数发送 POST 请求提交需要上传的文件并直接绑定文章,另外,函数默认返回上传文件的 id 或者 WP_Error 对象。该函数的语法如下:

media_handle_upload( $file_id, $post_id, $post_data, $overrides );

$file_id:(string) (必须的) 。PHP 中 $_FILES 数组的文件索引。默认:None。

$post_id:(int) (必需的) 。需要插入附件的文章 ID,如果不想把附件插入到文章里,设为 0 即可。默认: None。

$post_data:(array) (可选) 。允许修改附件的一些信息。默认: array()。

$overrides:(array) (可选)。 允许覆盖 wp_handle_upload() 的表现。默认: array( ‘test_form’ => false )。

该函数定义在 wp-admin/includes/media.php 文件中,具体代码如下:

function media_handle_upload( $file_id, $post_id, $post_data = array(), $overrides = array( 'test_form' => false ) ) {

	$time = current_time( 'mysql' );
	if ( $post = get_post( $post_id ) ) {
		// The post date doesn't usually matter for pages, so don't backdate this upload.
		if ( 'page' !== $post->post_type && substr( $post->post_date, 0, 4 ) > 0 ) {
			$time = $post->post_date;
		}
	}

	$file = wp_handle_upload( $_FILES[ $file_id ], $overrides, $time );

	if ( isset( $file['error'] ) ) {
		return new WP_Error( 'upload_error', $file['error'] );
	}

	$name = $_FILES[ $file_id ]['name'];
	$ext  = pathinfo( $name, PATHINFO_EXTENSION );
	$name = wp_basename( $name, ".$ext" );

	$url     = $file['url'];
	$type    = $file['type'];
	$file    = $file['file'];
	$title   = sanitize_text_field( $name );
	$content = '';
	$excerpt = '';

	if ( preg_match( '#^audio#', $type ) ) {
		$meta = wp_read_audio_metadata( $file );

		if ( ! empty( $meta['title'] ) ) {
			$title = $meta['title'];
		}

		if ( ! empty( $title ) ) {

			if ( ! empty( $meta['album'] ) && ! empty( $meta['artist'] ) ) {
				/* translators: 1: audio track title, 2: album title, 3: artist name */
				$content .= sprintf( __( '"%1$s" from %2$s by %3$s.' ), $title, $meta['album'], $meta['artist'] );
			} elseif ( ! empty( $meta['album'] ) ) {
				/* translators: 1: audio track title, 2: album title */
				$content .= sprintf( __( '"%1$s" from %2$s.' ), $title, $meta['album'] );
			} elseif ( ! empty( $meta['artist'] ) ) {
				/* translators: 1: audio track title, 2: artist name */
				$content .= sprintf( __( '"%1$s" by %2$s.' ), $title, $meta['artist'] );
			} else {
				/* translators: 1: audio track title */
				$content .= sprintf( __( '"%s".' ), $title );
			}
		} elseif ( ! empty( $meta['album'] ) ) {

			if ( ! empty( $meta['artist'] ) ) {
				/* translators: 1: audio album title, 2: artist name */
				$content .= sprintf( __( '%1$s by %2$s.' ), $meta['album'], $meta['artist'] );
			} else {
				$content .= $meta['album'] . '.';
			}
		} elseif ( ! empty( $meta['artist'] ) ) {

			$content .= $meta['artist'] . '.';

		}

		if ( ! empty( $meta['year'] ) ) {
			/* translators: Audio file track information. %d: Year of audio track release */
			$content .= ' ' . sprintf( __( 'Released: %d.' ), $meta['year'] );
		}

		if ( ! empty( $meta['track_number'] ) ) {
			$track_number = explode( '/', $meta['track_number'] );
			if ( isset( $track_number[1] ) ) {
				/* translators: Audio file track information. 1: Audio track number, 2: Total audio tracks */
				$content .= ' ' . sprintf( __( 'Track %1$s of %2$s.' ), number_format_i18n( $track_number[0] ), number_format_i18n( $track_number[1] ) );
			} else {
				/* translators: Audio file track information. %s: Audio track number */
				$content .= ' ' . sprintf( __( 'Track %s.' ), number_format_i18n( $track_number[0] ) );
			}
		}

		if ( ! empty( $meta['genre'] ) ) {
			/* translators: Audio file genre information. %s: Audio genre name */
			$content .= ' ' . sprintf( __( 'Genre: %s.' ), $meta['genre'] );
		}

		// Use image exif/iptc data for title and caption defaults if possible.
	} elseif ( 0 === strpos( $type, 'image/' ) && $image_meta = wp_read_image_metadata( $file ) ) {
		if ( trim( $image_meta['title'] ) && ! is_numeric( sanitize_title( $image_meta['title'] ) ) ) {
			$title = $image_meta['title'];
		}

		if ( trim( $image_meta['caption'] ) ) {
			$excerpt = $image_meta['caption'];
		}
	}

	// Construct the attachment array
	$attachment = array_merge(
		array(
			'post_mime_type' => $type,
			'guid'           => $url,
			'post_parent'    => $post_id,
			'post_title'     => $title,
			'post_content'   => $content,
			'post_excerpt'   => $excerpt,
		),
		$post_data
	);

	// This should never be set as it would then overwrite an existing attachment.
	unset( $attachment['ID'] );

	// Save the data
	$id = wp_insert_attachment( $attachment, $file, $post_id, true );
	if ( ! is_wp_error( $id ) ) {
		wp_update_attachment_metadata( $id, wp_generate_attachment_metadata( $id, $file ) );
	}

	return $id;

}

参考文档:https://developer.wordpress.org/reference/functions/media_handle_upload/

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文章标题:蝈蝈要安静 » WordPress学习——media_handle_upload()详解

原文链接:https://blog.quietguoguo.com/3957.html

发布信息:文章由【蝈蝈要安静】于<2020-04-11>发布于【WP学习】分类下

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